Can Humans Actually Live on Mars?

This+picture+demonstrates+what+humans+picture+Mars+to+be+when+we+figure+out+how+to+live+there.

Stefan Keller

This picture demonstrates what humans picture Mars to be when we figure out how to live there.

Samuel Otuc, Contributor

Humans, we have made almost everyplace on Earth habitable for the human race. Our planet is full of humans and we can make a home in almost anywhere we want on this planet. Our planet is the 3rd planet from the sun, but the 4th planet from the Sun is Mars. Right now, scientist are trying to figure out how to make the “Red Planet” a habitable place for us humans.

NASA right now has a program to explore Mars and gather enough information about the planet. This program is called “NASA’s Mars Exploration Program.”
This program has four goals:
1. Life
2. Climate
3. Geography
4. Humans

“Goal 1: Determine if Mars Ever Supported Life.

Goal 1 is predicated on the idea that Mars and Earth may have been relatively similar worlds during their early histories, and as life arose relatively early on the Earth, whether life ever arose on Mars is a key question. This Goal is further divided into two objectives:
A) Determine if environments having high potential for prior habitability and preservation of biosignatures contain evidence of past life.
B) Determine if environments with high potential for current habitability and expression of biosignatures contain evidence of extant life.”

Goal 2: “Understand the Processes and History of Climate on Mars

Goal 2: Concerns fundamental questions about how the climate of Mars has evolved over time to reach the current state, the processes that have operated to produce this evolution, and whether the Martian atmosphere and climate reflect features that are universal to planetary atmospheres. This Goal is further divided into three objectives:
A) Characterize the state of the present climate of Mars’ atmosphere and surrounding plasma environment, and the underlying processes, under the current orbital configuration
B) Characterize the history of Mars’ climate in the recent past, and the underlying processes, under different orbital configurations
C) Characterize Mars’ ancient climate and underlying processes.

Goal 3: “Understand the Origin and Evolution of Mars as a Geological System”

Goal 3: Seek insight into the composition, structure, and history of Mars as a planet, through deeper understanding of its surface and interior. The investigation of Mars is a compelling scientific exploration in its own right, but the planet also might once have hosted potentially habitable, Earth-like environments. This Goal is further divided into three objectives:
A) Document the geologic record preserved in the crust and interpret the processes that have created that record
B) Determine the structure, composition, dynamics, and evolution of Mars’ interior and how it has evolved
C) Determine the manifestations of Mars’ evolution as recorded by its moons.”

Goal 4: “Prepare for Human Exploration.

Goal 4 encompasses how robotic flight missions can help prepare for potential crewed missions (or sets of missions) to the Mars system, and how these precursors can “buy down risk” that is inherent to any mission by acquiring precursor information that can be acted upon during design, implementation and operation of these future missions. This Goal is further divided into four objectives:
A) Obtain knowledge of Mars sufficient to design and implement a human mission to Mars orbit with acceptable cost, risk, and performance,
B) Obtain knowledge of Mars sufficient to design and implement a human mission to the Martian surface with acceptable cost, risk, and performance,
C) Obtain knowledge of Mars sufficient to design and implement a human mission to the surface of either Phobos or Deimos with acceptable cost, risk, and performance, and
D) Obtain knowledge of Mars sufficient to design and implement sustained human presence at the Martian surface with acceptable cost, risk, and performance.”

All of these goals come from this source if you’re interested.

NASA has some straight-forward goals. NASA’s objective is to make human life possible on Mars with the help of the research that they have. NASA will try to accomplish this as soon as they can but for now, they are working very hard to gather research and use that information to make a human life possible on Mars.

Could There Have Been life Once on Mars?

NASA, along with scientist have made a discovery on Mars. They have found that water once used to flow on Mars. Scientists also believe that the water has flowed longer than they previously expected. NASA states that “Mars once rippled with rivers and ponds billions of years ago, providing a potential habitat for microbial life. As the planet’s atmosphere thinned over time, that water evaporated, leaving the frozen desert world that NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) studies today.” It was commonly believed that the water on Mars dried up about 3 billion years ago, but over the past 15 years, two scientist have found evidence that reduces that timeline significantly, thus revealing that liquid water has been dried up around 2 billion to 2.5 billion years ago. This means that water has once flowed on “The Red Planet” a billion years longer than previous estimates made by scientists. The salt deposits provide the first excising evidence that the Red Planet has had presence of liquid water. “On Earth, at least, where there is water, there is life.” One thing that is amazing about this is that more over a decade, we’ve had good quality pictures and data, and the MRO has given us brand new data about Mars and nature that could’ve once lived on Mars. Thanks to the MRO, our view of this amazing planet gets better and more detailed over time.

We still don’t know a lot about this mysterious planet, but if scientists keep doing their job, we will be able to accomplish anything if we put our minds to it. Their plan is to make human life possible on this mysterious planet. This mysterious planet is called Mars, and one day, we will make human life possible on Mars.